ENVIRONMENT COMMISSION TOPICS
Topic 1: Measures to Protect Displaced Animals and Restore Deforestation caused by forest fires (Chair Report)
Californian bush fires, Australian wildfires, Amazon wildfires, and many more fires have ravaged through the forests causing mass destruction. Wildfires can travel up to a pace of 14 miles an hour, clearing everything in its path and contributing to deforestation. In June 2020, roughly 75 fires set ablaze in the Amazon every day. Compared to last year, deforestation is up by 34% in the first half of 2020, at this pace, about 9000 square kilometers of the Amazon will be cut down by the beginning of August. Moreover, animals are also severely displaced. Approximately, more than a billion animals have been affected by starvation, habitat loss, and dehydration caused by the Australian wildfires. An estimated 800 million animals have died due to the scorching flames in Australia in 2020. Numerous animal shelters rescue displaced animals; however, the number of animals impacted far outweighs the number that have received assistance.
Topic 2: Measures to Reduce the Adverse Impact of Single-sue Plastics and Micro-plastics on the Global Terrestrial and Marine Environment (Chair Report)
According to a report by CNN, an estimated 8 million metric tons of single-use plastic and microplastics are dumped into the ocean annually, at this rate, the amount of plastic deposited into the ocean will outweigh the aquatic life by 2050. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is home to about 2 trillion pieces of plastic, and each year, about 100,000 marine mammals die because of the plastic. Beyond marine life, increased plastic pollution directly impacts humans as well. 70% of the oxygen we breathe is produced by aquatic plants; furthermore, approximately 90% of the water supply comes from the oceans. This means that we indirectly consume micro-plastics which is extremely harmful to our body and can lead to heart problems. The impact of plastics on land is also dire, drainage systems can be clogged by excess plastic waste and land animals can suffer from intestinal blockage caused by consuming plastic.
Topic 3: Measures to Mitigate the Consequence of Extreme Weather Events Resulting from Anthropogenic Climate Change (Chair Report)
After the emergence of Homo-Sapience, the whole ecosystem of the Earth went through tremendous change. This anthropogenic effect did not only occur on land, but also occurred in the atmosphere. As the record of 2013 from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states, humans are responsible for more than half of Earth’s temperature increase since 1951. The main cause of the climate change is greenhouse gas emission from human activities, like using vehicles and running factories. Moreover, the increase of the temperature causes more extreme weather events, which can lead to serious casualties. To be specific, the increase of the temperature will cause more extreme droughts, floods, heat related illness, effects on various living organisms’ habitat, and transformation of the current ecosystem. Humans are using Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and more toxic gases frequently, which results in extreme weather condition on Earth. Therefore, the house must work to mitigate the consequences of extreme weather events caused by anthropogenic climate change.
Topic 4: Measures to Provide Affordable Means of the Development of Renewable Resources to Countries, especially Less Economically Developed Countries (Chair Report)
Sustainable recovery can involve many aspects; mainly social, economic, political or environmental. It would most definitely require developing renewable resources in nations across the globe in order to sustain the environment after a traumatic collapse. Generally, renewable resources include biomass energy, hydropower, geothermal power, wind energy, and solar energy. For LEDCs, it can be a big investment to develop such resources. Thus, it is crucial that the development process can be implemented in an affordable way so that not only developed countries receive aid. Now, why are renewable resources a helpful solution to sustainable recovery? There are quite a few advantages of renewable resources. One of the most obvious is that renewable energy won’t run out. What’s more, maintenance requirements for renewable resources are lower. Renewables also result in a lower reliance on foreign energy sources. This also hits a point that we are trying to work towards: providing these renewables to LEDCs. With renewables requiring less support from foreign countries, LEDCs can develop independently and become less reliant on MEDCs, which is a positive for LEDCs’ overall development as a nation. Sustainable recovery, the theme of TIANMUN 2020, can be seen from social, economic, political or environmental aspects. Developing renewable resources in nations across the globe, especially making it affordable to accommodate to LEDCs, is a straight forward method in recovering the environmental damages and sustaining the environment.