GENERAL ASSEMBLY TOPICS
Topic 1: Measures to Develop Post-Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (Chair Report)
Each year, natural disasters threaten the stability and safety of communities across the world. Infrastructures such as housing, roads, power stations, factories and many more are wrecked when faced with such catastrophe. Consequently, it leaves nations and governments with pondering tasks of restoring and reconstructing systems. Yet most countries, especially in the developing states, lack an institutional framework for disaster management and devastated sites are often neglected, which may lead to permanent damage. But if aids are provided shortly after an emergency and if risk reduction assessments are considered into all recovery processes to reduce further damage, then it will catalyze a transition to more sustainable development. At such case, a crisis can provide an opportunity to reverse detrimental impacts and rebuild sustainability.
Topic 2: Measures to Resolve Damage and Mitigate Risk Factors from Pandemics in the Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) (Chair Report)
With the appearance of the COVID-19, the importance of having measures to effectively deal with pandemics have been brought to light. Pandemics – epidemics that occur worldwide – bring devastating effects: greatly increasing mortality and causing significant social, economic, and political issues. In the contemporary world with increased travel and connection, the likelihood of pandemics has grown, standing as a huge threat to the world’s population. Pandemics are worse in underdeveloped nations where many are unable to meet basic requirements to comply with the International Health Regulations (IHR). Without the necessary facilities and the ability to enforce instructions on health behaviors, underdeveloped countries face a big hardship in dealing with the pandemic. Attention should be focused on the need to effectively limit emerging outbreaks that could lead to pandemics, and to build preparedness to mitigate the effect of the pandemic.
Topic 3: Measures to Expand Access to Education in Underdeveloped Countries (Chair Report)
Education is one of the most important factors that contribute to the development of our society. As an important condition that enables long-term changes, it serves as a basis for solving other issues as well. Despite the growing importance of education, people in underdeveloped countries still do not have access to good education. According to the Global Education Monitoring Report, roughly 61 million primary age children do not have the chance to receive proper education. Very few children graduate from secondary school, and most are unable to finish primary school. These children in underdeveloped countries often face several financial problems. Some cannot afford to go to school at all, and even when tuition is free, they are often required to pay the expenses for lunch and uniforms. In order to seek sustainable changes in underdeveloped countries, the issue of expanding access to education must be addressed with high priority.
Topic 4: Measures to Optimize the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) (Chair Report)
We live in a world where countries cannot live without trade as it is extremely hard to maintain stable economy and supply people’s need only with resources and technology within one country. Nevertheless, it is especially hard for Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) to actively participate in global trade since they lack trade-related techniques like trade policies and technology. Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF) assists those countries to become more competitive in global markets and spur their economic growth. Optimizing EIF is crucial for LEDCs and other countries as well. By engaging in global trade, LEDCs can grow their economy, and, as a result, reduce poverty. Also, other countries can import supplies with cheaper price and can even export their products as well. As UN Sustainable Development Goal specifically recognized the role of the EIF in increasing Aid for Trade support for LEDCs, EIF can achieve sustainable global recovery through long-term global economic stability.