SECURITY COUNCIL

Tianjin Model United Nations

SECURITY COUNCIL TOPICS

Topic 1: Situation in Djibouti (Chair Report)

Djibouti is a tiny African nation that lies on the Bab el-Mandeb Strait. It is known as the least developed and most food-deficient country in Africa. As Djibouti gained independence from France in 1977, the nation was aiming for a drastic improvement in people’s life. They were not only hoping for a political independence, but also wanted to create a stabilized nation. Unluckily, those ambitions never came true. Djibouti has been facing extreme environmental conflicts such as deforestation. desertification, and water pollution which has eventually led to poverty. The majority of the Djibouti population are currently suffering from shortages of food, electricity, and lack of water. Along with the environmental conflict, sex and labor trafficking is also a major issue in Djibouti. Many of the economic migrants are forced into domestic prostitution and are forced in the labor force where some of them work as beggars. The nation is in desperate need of sustainable recovery. As the nation is suffering from drought, heavy food prices, and trafficking it needs the world’s attention and help to successfully recover from the current crisis.

TOPIC 2: Situation in Honduras (Chair Report)

Honduras is a country that is located in Central America which is home to a wide variety of conflicts. It is recognized as the least developed and most unstabilized nations in Central America. Honduras has a long history of suffering from high levels of poverty, inequality, and violent crimes. Honduras has the highest murder rates in the world where there are approximately 41 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. As the nation was mainly dominated by the military until the 1980s, it has stimulated revolutionary movements in the region which has caused civilian leaders to take over the power of the military. The country overall struggles from a wide range of violence such as gang violence which leads to an increased number of migrant asylum seekers. Inequalities in wealth are also significantly high in Honduras as 48% of the population are suffering from extreme poverty. If we can describe the current situation in Honduras in one word, we can call it “turmoil”. The nation is in desperate need of sustainable recovery. As the nation is suffering from poverty, violence, military crackdown, and highest murder rates, it needs the world’s attention and support to successfully recover from the current crisis.

Topic 3: Situation in Mali (Chair Report)

Mali is categorized as one of the least developed countries in the world with a UN Human Development Index (HDI), a measure to roughly estimate the citizens’ potential for developing the country, ranked 176th out of 187 countries. One of the contributing factors for such a low HDI is because Mali’s human rights situation deteriorated in as hundreds of civilians were killed in numerous incidents by ethnic self-defense groups. Consequently, over 85,000 civilians fled their homes of the violence in 2019 and to make matters worse, humanitarian agencies were attacked as they were disdained for their inability to deliver the necessary aid. Despite the worsening security of the crisis, most parts of the world were indifferent towards providing justice for victims of abuse. Considering Mali’s worsening calamity, Mali needs a “sustainable recovery” to minimize the impact of the mayhem.

Topic 4: Situation in Myanmar (Chair Report)

Myanmar is currently having issues regarding the suppression towards Rohingya followed by ethnic conflicts and displacement crises. Tensions between the Burmese Buddhist population and the Rohingya began in the second World War when each group supported opposing sides. The conflict escalated by religious conflict between the Buddhist majority and the Muslim minority of the Rohingya. It took place in Rakhine State, which is in north-western Myanmar. The government stripped Rohingya’s citizenship, terrorized them, and destroyed their homes. Violent tactics have forced thousands of Rohingya to flee their homes to neighboring countries such as Thailand, Bangladesh, and Malaysia. This issue urgently needs to be combatted otherwise all sectors of society will be at risk.