ADVISORY PANEL

Tianjin Model United Nations

ADVISORY PANEL TOPICS

Topic 1: Measures to Reduce Water Shortages and Implement Clean Water Sanitation in Yemen (Chair Report)

As one of the most water-scarce and conflicted countries in the world, Yemen is in desperate need of clean and healthy water. As the country recovers from the horrendous cholera outbreaks in 2017, ensuring that the Yemeni population has secure access to clean water is crucial to prevent future outbreaks. The risks of cholera remain high as 18 million people struggle to find access to clean water daily. Clean water and sanitation are Goal 6 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to lift countries out of poverty and ensure prosperity to all by 2030. Thus, improving access to clean water and reducing water shortages are key to helping Yemen move on from heavy reliance on humanitarian aid from NGOs and develop wholly as an independent country.

Topic 2: Measures to Reduce Gender Inequality in the Areas of Quality Education (Chair Report)

Although quality education has been granted, educational institutions still face a problematic issue: gender discrimination and unequal treatment based on gender. Girls have frequently been viewed as less academically capable or less hardworking just because they are female. Even though educational systems are more open-minded in the sense that girls can also receive education, most still cultivate a culture that discriminates against females’ capabilities when compared to their male counterparts. In areas where education has just opened up to females, traditional gender roles of women taking on the role of housewives and caregivers are more familiar and comforting than women taking on professional roles such as doctors or lawyers. Women make up half of the world’s population; if half of them still face obstacles or unfair treatment that hinder their growth, the world will not advance. Thus, mitigating gender equality in educational institutions is vital to sustainable recovery.

Topic 3: Measures to Implement National Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) Systems in Relation to Health and Medical Advancements in Sub-Saharan Africa (Chair Report)

Before getting into specific details regarding to this issue, it is significant to know what Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) is. For decades, STI played vital post in poverty eradication and sustainable development. In point of fact, STI can play a censorious role in each and every Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), which includes: promoting access to essential drugs and health; fostering access of various aspect of knowledge; accomplishing food security through ethical and sustainable agricultural system and through raising incomes and production principally of the smallholder farms; promoting renewable energy technology so as to achieve the binary challenge of reducing energy poverty whilst alleviating climate change.

Topic 4: Situation in Iran (Chair Report)

After the death Qasem Soleimani, Iran’s most powerful military commander, tensions rose between Iran and the United States. Qasem Soleimani was killed by an airstrike ordered by US President, and Iran responded by attacking two US bases. But tensions between two countries have existed even before the death of Qasem Soleimani. One of the reasons was the Iran nuclear deal, restricting Iran’s nuclear program. This tension suddenly increased with the death of Qasem Soleimani. Massive people in Iran were angry toward US, and Iran officially announced that it would no longer abide any uranium-enrichment limits imposed by the Iran nuclear deal. This showed that it could begin the production of an atomic bomb. United States responded to Iran by warning Iran that the US would retaliate against any attack Iran makes. The sustainable recovery of the tension between two countries would prevent wars and the collapse of the Iranian economy.