ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL TOPICS
Topic 1: Measures to Promote Sustainable Tourism, including Ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environmental protection (Chair Report)
The tourism industry, like many other entertainment industries, has come across a remarkable growth within the past decades. Statistics show that the industry employs one in 11 people in the world’s workforce, contributing more than seven trillion dollars to the total global GDP. However, despite its cruciality and rapid growth, the tourism industry is extremely vulnerable to any unforeseen circumstances – including natural disaster, political disputes, and climate change. For example, the global tourism market has experienced eighty percent decline over the last few months due to COVID-19. Hereby, sustainable tourism plays a significant role in maintaining the industry in its healthiest status. Through the implementation of sustainable tourism, environmental issues rising from tourist exploitation and localists’ employment issues could be resolved. Namely, the promotion of sustainable tourism is crucial to the world economy and environment.
Topic 2: Measures to Solve Unexpected Unemployment During a Global Crisis (Chair report)
Historically, preventing and acting against unemployment has always been a primary task for every government of the capitalist society. For example, the federal government of the U.S. has been providing unemployment benefits since the Great Depression of 1935. In May 2020, about 23 billion dollars were used for unemployment welfare in the states. This significant statistic indeed counterproves that it is impossible to remove unemployment in a capitalist nation and will remain as a headache. It, therefore, is also evident that any form of crisis or disaster leads to strict incline in the unemployment rate. List of economic breakdowns, including the Great Depression of 1935, shows how devastating such a crisis can be. Although a number of global efforts are put down, states such as Zimbabwe, or Venezuela is on the verge of serious economic crisis. Measures should be taken, to prevent and act against unemployment at any rate.
Topic 3: Measures to Protect Less Economically Developed Countries with a Lack of Access to Health Care During a Global Pandemic (Chair Report)
Less Developed Countries (LDCs) experience high youth dependency, high birth rate, low life expectancy, high infant mortality rates, and high maternal mortality rate compared to More Developed Countries (MDCs). Lack of health care facilities and sanitary facilities cause numerous fatal diseases that are harmful to people. Therefore, if LDCs are affected by a global pandemic, they may experience severe damage that is serious than others. Most LDCs consider the underage population as a part of the labor force, which in turn leads to an increase in the birth rate. The raised birth rate can result in several disadvantages, for example, a high birth rate makes women in LDCs instead of receiving education to do the economic activity, they can only dedicate their whole lives to their family. This causes fewer people who are available to become a doctor that can treat people when they get diseases. Moreover, undeveloped infrastructures in LDCs make the citizens difficult to access clean water. Such difficulty leads to an increase in infant and maternal mortality rates. In this respect, affording the opportunity of receiving education to women and develop the infrastructure is markedly necessary. Even if all countries suffer from the same pandemic, developing countries suffer more damage. Consequently, we all need to create the best collaboration to help others.
Topic 4: Measures to Ensure the Safe Development and Usage of an International Framework for Recovering from a Natural Disaster (Chair Report)
The international framework, also known as the global framework, is the cooperation of multinational companies and trade unions created to ensure that standards (rights, health, safety, environmental operations, and quality of work principles) are the same in all countries that companies operate. These frameworks and agreements are for various reasons, such as preventing natural disasters, securing nuclear energy use, preparing for food retails, and many others. Frameworks, particularly for disaster risk reduction, focus on the nations and private sectors working together to reduce or prevent risks. However, these frameworks are criticized for missing principles such as a legal basis and having ambiguous targets. Using and developing these international frameworks will allow nations and private sectors to cooperate, preparing for resilient and sustainable recovery from disasters.