DISARMAMENT COMMISSION

Tianjin Model United Nations

DISARMAMENT COMMISSION TOPIC

Topic 1: Measures to Combat the Proliferation of Illicit Small Arms (Chair Report)

The proliferation of illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) trading is a global issue that continuously disrupts the social development and economic development in the number of nations, especially in the Lower Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs). Small arms refer to the weapons that are produced for the purposes of personal use. Light weapons direct to those arms used by several people serving as a crew or a security force. Dangers of illicit SAWL trading is indiscriminate. In other words, no nation is resistant to the risks of the illegal trade of SAWL. The United Nations is an authoritative organization, and it could be the only organization that can undertake the responsibilities for solving this critical issue. Every citizen in the member states has a right to live without being frightened of these dangers. However, their right cannot be recognized without disconnecting the illicit trade of SALW. In order to promote peace and obtain sustainable recovery for the secure world, the member states must cooperate with a dogged determination.

Topic 2: Measures to Prevent Weapon Production and Distribution During Global Crisis (Chair Report)

On September 25, 2015, the United Nations officially adopted “Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),” which presents 17 associated goals to be accomplished by 2030. Even though the Goal 16 of the SDGs states: “Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies,” weapon production and distribution during the global crisis became one of the major issues that is preventing the world from attaining sustainable development and sustainable recovery. The trend in international transfers of major arms from 2015 to 2019 still increased even after the SDGs had been established since the United States maintained the largest worldwide weapons exports, the Russian Federation led the second largest, and several European and Asian nations intensely followed the leader. The member states should be motivated by a relentless ambition, and the world should take into consideration that further efforts must be made to ensure progress in the fields of avoiding weapon production and distribution, promoting peace, and recovering from the various global crisis.

Topic 3: Measures to Recover from Damages by Weapons of Mass Destruction (Chair Report)

Throughout history, humanity has developed and advanced in numerous industries using their superb intelligence. However, to utilize the particular effect of competition, we started to engage in contesting between each other which led both positive and negative results. Although some sound outcomes through competition have been shown such as working or producing more than what the person or group is capable of, there were some clear drawbacks like raised animosity and tensions between the members of the group or the society – a set of strong forces that hinder sustainable development of humanity. For instance, during the Industrial Revolution in the late 20th century when humanity has achieved one of the most advanced technological innovations, a couple of wars that brought one of the most devastating aftermaths in the entire history of the human race have occurred concurrently. Some of these consequences have remained as one of the tasks for the current generations to handle with sustainability, and one of them is what this chair report will explore with thorough analysis: sustainable measures to recover from damages by weapons of mass destruction.

Topic 4: Measures to Combat Weaponization in Outer Space (Chair Report)

Along with the growth of technologies, space has become one of the most valuable but also vulnerable place. This threat, acknowledged by the United Nations, in 1959, the UN General Assembly established the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) which promoted peaceful uses of outer space. Preceding in 1967, Outer Space Treaty banned the stationing of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and military activities in outer space. Although several treaties banned the placement of weapons of mass destruction in space, they did not prevent states from placing other types of weapons in space. For past 20 years, nations have cooperated to promote sustainable security in outer space by strengthening the laws and bringing up several resolutions regarding this issue. Also, in recent years, several nations, including Russia and India, have successfully established an anti-satellite test that would be used to destroy any weapons fired into the space at the stake. Every nation signed up for the space treaty are working on sustaining sustainable plans of peaceful usage and security.