UNESCO

Tianjin Model United Nations

UNESCO TOPICS

Topic 1: Measures to Provide Protection of Cultural Property during the time of Armed Conflict (Chair Report) 

Monuments, artifacts, architectures, antiquities, and cites of art and history provide a profound impact on constructing a sense of social cohesion and recognition toward certain cultures. However, the destruction of cultural property during the time of armed conflict between nations, ethnical groups, and individuals leaves devastating wounds that are difficult to remedy: shattering of links to the past, weakening a communal identity, and hindering the maintenance of peace. In 2015, the Temple of Bel, one of the most iconic monuments in Palmyra (Syria), was destroyed by ISIS. Constant threats towards the destruction of cultural property prevailed during the conflict between the US and Iran in January 2020. Despite the existence of standards to safeguard national valuables, cultural properties are continuously meeting severe menaces. Hence, endeavors to accept and devise new global awareness and cultural landscape must progress as a means to preserve the cultural values during such devastating situations perpetually.

Topic 2: Measures to Enhance the Regulation for Lethal Autonomous Robotic Weaponry (Chair Report) 

With the developments in technology over the recent years, the call for regulations for Lethal Autonomous Robotic Weaponry is on the rise. Lethal Autonomous Robotic Weaponry does not require human intervention in order to select and engage a target. Because of this, LARW is important since it changes how military would approach a combat. Since the Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) controls these autonomous weapons, the robots do not understand what it means to kill a human being. Instead, it recognizes the human as an object to destroy, which would violate the dignity of the victim. Thus, regulation for Lethal Autonomous Robotic Weaponry is necessary in order to sustain the development of technology.

Topic 3: Measures to Mitigate the Digital Divide between More Economically Developed Countries and Less Economically Developed Countries for educational purposes (Chair Report) 

Digital divide is defined as any uneven distribution in the access to, use of, or impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) between any number of distinct groups. This divide is rapidly increasing between MEDCs and LEDCs as LEDCs are unable to afford advanced technology, leading to inefficient educational systems compared to those of the MEDCs. This issue should be taken into great consideration as it plays a huge role in the equality in terms of educational opportunities. Digital divide fits into the United Nation’s sustainability goals, especially “No Poverty” and “Quality Education.” Thus, mitigating the digital divide is an important goal that all countries should strive for. Access to education is a right that all people possess regardless of their background, identity, and social status.

Topic 4: Measures to Promote Values of Equality especially Among Arabic Countries (Chair Report) 

Social and economic inequalities in regards to gender, national origin, age, citizenship status, economy and politics persist in countries such as Namibia, Haiti, Pakistan, and Chad. Among the nations that fail to encourage the values of equality, Arabic countries, countries located in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), crucially lack in their ability to reduce gender, economic, and political disparity. With the frequent upraising of wars, invasions, and revolutions, socioeconomic inequality levels gradually increased in Arabic countries. Women in these regions face significant discrimination in law and practice, as well as restrictions on exercising their rights. Unequal employment and labor market outcomes further prevail, creating poverty levels that remain stagnant through the 1990s and 2000s. Sincere concerns and sustainable solutions to promote equality especially in Arabic nations are essential in saving the humanity from acute distress.